The Euro Mediterranean Partnership
All you want to know about the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. This section presents a list of the most important documents and agreements between the European Union and the South Mediterranean Partners (Algeria, Chyprus, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey). The Cultural cooperation is highlighted in this section.
- The main links to the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership
- Report of the High-Level Advisory Group
The High-Level Advisory Group, created upon the initiative of the President of the Commission Prodi, started its works in January 2003. The group proposed three main guidelines: how to make education a central vector for learning about others and respecting diversity; how to promote mobility; how the media can act as a key tool for promoting equality and mutual knowledge.
- Final Declaration of the Barcelona Conference
The Conference met on 27 and 28 November 1995. The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the 15 member States of the European Union and those of 12 third Mediterranean countries (Algeria, Cyprus, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Palestinian Authority) in this Conference. They adopted a final Declaration which consists of three chapters: political partnership, economical partnership, social, cultural and human partnership.
- The European Neighbourhood Strategy - May 2004
The policy of the European Union to enhance the relations with the new neighbours, including South Mediterranean Countries from 2007
- The European Neighbourhood Instrument
Sets out the principles, geographical scope, methodology for implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy and issues related to regional cooperation.
- Strategic papers and country reports
All the Commission documents concerning the European Neighbourhood Strategy
- Communication on Wider Europe - March 2003
The European Neighbourhood policy as was first outlined by the Commission in its Communication on Wider Europe of March 2003
- Euro-Mediterranean Civil Forums Final declarations
Non-institutional initiative for coordination and debate among the civil society organisations of the Mediterranean basin. Civil Forums have always been organised by the turning European presidency and nearby the Euro-Mediterranean Meetings of Foreign Affairs Ministers. They have provided EuroMed civil society an opportunity to meet and agree on recommendations to the EMP governments.
- Euro-Mediterranean Conference of Ministers for Foreign Affairs – Formal Conclusions
Organised once or twice a year, the objective of the conferences are to orient the policy of the European Union towards the South Mediterranean Countries. From the first conference in Barcelona there have been five Euro-Mediterranean Conferences of Ministers for Foreign Affairs: Malta in April 1997 ; Stuttgart in April 1999 ; Marseilles in November 2000 ; Valence in April 2002 ; Naples in December 2003; Luxembourg, 30-31 May 2005; Barcelona, 27-28 November 2005. To these conferences we have to add three ad hoc meetings : Palermo in June 1998 ; Crete in June 2003 ; Dublin in May 2004; The Hague, 29 - 30 November 2004.
- Conclusions of the Malta Conference of Ministers for Foreign Affairs – April 1997
The Conference proposes the implementation of regional projects in the audio-visual sector. “Cultural aspects should be taken into account in other actions within the framework of the partnership”
- Conclusions of the ad hoc meeting in Palermo – June 1998
The conclusions welcomed the decision by the Commission to relaunch decentralised co-operation programmes.
- Conclusions of the Stuttgart Conference of Ministers for Foreign Affairs – April 1999
In 1998 the first regional Programme Euromed Audiovisual has been launched. In the Stuttgart Conference the Ministers proposed “the involvement of a wide circle of actors outside central government”. Ministers strongly called for a new impetus to be given to decentralised cooperation (cooperation between civil societies instead of cooperation between States).
- Conclusions of the Marseilles Conference of Ministers for Foreign Affairs – November 2000
The Ministers called for the launching of the second phase of the Euromed Audiovisual Programme.
- Conclusions of the Valencia Conference of Ministers for Foreign Affairs – April 2002
We are few months after the 11/09 attacks. The Conference agreed to the principle of creating a Euro-Mediterranean Foundation to promote a dialogue of cultures and civilisations. The idea of enlargement of the MEDIA PLUS and Culture 2000 Programmes to the South Mediterranean Countries is launched.
- Conclusions of the Crete ad hoc Conference of Ministers for Foreign Affairs – June 2003
Ministers agreed on the goals, objectives, activities and establishment of the Euro-Mediterranean Foundation.
- Conclusions of the Naples Conference of Ministers for Foreign Affairs – December 2003
“Need for enhanced endeavour in the audio-visual field” for a better visibility of the partnership. Greater political co-operation between the European Union and the south Mediterranean Countries.
- Conclusions of the Dublin mid-term meeting of Ministers for Foreign Affairs – May 2004
Special emphasis should be placed on the legislative framework for a better circulation of audio-visual products in the region.
- FOR THE EURO-MEDITERRANEAN MEETING OF MINISTERS OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
(THE HAGUE, 29-30 NOVEMBER)
The successful launching of the Anna Lindh Foundation for the Dialogue between Cultures
planned for 2005 will be an important benchmark for the future in terms of political perceptions
and visibility of the Foundation, which will be located in the Alexandria Library in tandem with
the Swedish Institute in Alexandria. To this end Ministers agreed to facilitate and promote all
activities of the Foundation, to support the participation of their civil societies in the work of
the Foundation and to confirm their political commitment by substantial financial contributions
by all partners. Its location in a Mediterranean partner country has important symbolic value
and the involvement of civil society in this initiative on a subject at the heart of the political
relationship is to be welcomed. Ministers welcomed the formal adoption of the Statute of the
Foundation and the first constituent meeting of the representatives of the national networks
held in Brussels preparing for the official launching of the Foundation in 2005.
- Conclusions of the 7th conference of the Foreign Affairs Ministers, Luxembourg, 30 - 31 Mai 2005
The priority is the visibiliy of the Partnership and the anniverary of the Barcelona process. Furthermore, the opportunities offered by the common cultural, historical and environmental heritage should be adequately utilised for promoting and strengthening exchanges in all the interrelated sectors. In this context, Ministers recognised the role of the Anna Lindh Foundation in the field of culture. Also, the importance of the Euromed Audiovisual, Heritage and Youth Programmes is a clear signal of the relevance of pursuing dialogue among partners in this field.
- Conclusions of the conference "10th anniversary of the Barcelona process", 27 - 28 November 2005
The accent is put on education and reinforcement of the Anna Lindh Foundation.
- Euro-Med ECOFIN Ministerial Meeting, (Rabat-Skhirat) 19-20/06/05
Ministers agreed that, in accelerating economic reforms, particular attention should be paid to four inter-related priority areas:
1. Improving the business climate to enable firms to invest, create jobs and expand
2. Further liberalizing trade and opening the economy to increase competitiveness, efficiency and productivity
3. Upgrading public institutions and governance systems
4. Consolidating macroeconomic stability
- Euro-Med ECOFIN Ministerial Meeting, (Tunis) 25-26/06/06
Recognizing that high unemployment remains the main development challenge in the Mediterranean region and that growth and jobs are common challenges of both the EU and the Mediterranean partner countries, Ministers underlined that the strategies to reform are
common across the region and focus on raising competitiveness, improving the investment climate to attract foreign investment as well as greater trade openness.
- Association Agreements between the European Union and the Mediterranean Partners
The bilateral track of The Barcelona Process foresees a bilateral section governed by a series of bilateral Association Agreements. There are certain common aspects to all of them: political dialogue, respect for human rights and democracy, establishment of WTO-compatible free trade over a transitional period of up to 12 years, provisions relating to intellectual property, services, public procurement, competition rules, state aids and monopolies, economic cooperation, cooperation relating to social affairs and migration and cultural cooperation. To come into into force, the Agreements must be ratified by the European Parliament, the Parliaments of the EU member states and the partner country. This procedure is long. The Agreements foresees reduction of the custom rights for industrial and agricultural products.
- Association Agreement with Algeria
Signed on 22.04.02. Validated on September 2005. In the cultural field priority to: literary translation, restoration of monuments, training, exchanges, organisation of cultural events, cooperation in the audiovisual field, particularly training and co-production, distribution of literary, technical and scientific journals and publications (Article 77).
- Association Agreement with Egypt
The agreement with Egypt were signed on 25.06.01 and is in force since 1.06.04. This cooperation shall promote in particular:
- conservation and restoration of historic and cultural heritage (such as monuments, sites, artefacts, rare books and manuscripts);
- exchange of art exhibitions, troupes of performing arts, artists, men of letters, intellectuals and cultural events;
- training of persons working in the cultural field.
Promote cultural cooperation of a commercial nature, production, investment and marketing, training and exchange of information. Cooperation in the field of audiovisual media shall seek to encourage cooperation in such areas as co-production and training. The Union shall seek ways to encourage Egyptian participation in Community initiatives in this sector. See article 71.
- Association Agreement with Israel
Signed on 20.11.95. In force since 1.06.00. The European Union and Israel agreed to promote cooperation especially in the audiovisual sector. The Europan Union shall seek ways of associating Israel with Community initiatives in this sector, thus enabling cooperation in such areas as co-production, training, development and distribution. The priority areas for cooperation are translation, exchange of works of art and artists, conservation and restoration of historic and cultural monuments and sites, training of persons working in the cultural field, organisation of European-oriented cultural events. Articles 58 and 60.
- Association Agreement with Jordan
Signed on 24.11.97 and in force since 01.05.02, the Association Agreement with Jordan does not provide a list of priorities but a general commitment “to establish firm foundations for a continuing cultural dialogue and to promote long-term cultural cooperation in any appropriate field of activity”.
- Association Agreement with Lebanon
Signed on 17.06.02. In process of ratification.
The cultural cooperation shall promote in particular:
(a) conservation and restoration of historic and cultural heritage (monuments, sites, artefacts, rare books and manuscripts, etc.);
(b) exchange of art exhibitions and artists,
(c) training of persons working in the cultural field.
Priority to co-productions and training. The Union shall seek ways to encourage Lebanese participation in Community initiatives in this sector. Emphasis is put on cultural cooperation of a commercial nature, particularly through joint projects (production, investment and marketing), training and exchange of information. See Article 67.
- Association Agreement with Morocco
In force in 2000, the Association Agreement does not provide a list of priorities. The Union agrees that cultural cooperation programmes already under way in the Community or in one or more of its Member States may be extended to Morocco.
- Association Agreement with Palestine
Signed on 24.02.97 and in force since 1.07.97 the Association Agreement between Palestine and the European Union shall promote cooperation in the audio-visual sector. The Union shall seek ways of associating the Palestinian Authority with Community initiatives in this sector, thus enabling cooperation in areas such as co-production, training, development and distribution. See Article 56.
- Association Agreement with Syria
On 19 October 2004 the European Commission and Syria formally marked the end of negotiations for an EU-Syria Association Agreement by initialling the text. The agreement also comprises a chapter on co-operation in social and cultural matters. The final text will be published soon.
- Association Agreement with Tunisia
Signed on 17.07.95, entry into force 1.03.98, the Association Agreement with Tunisia puts emphasis, in the cultural sector on implementing and financing exchange and leisure programmes for mixed groups of Tunisian and European young people residing in the Member States, with a view to promoting mutual knowledge of their respective cultures and fostering tolerance. The Agreement also put emphasis on written and audio-visual means of expression and communication, and on the protection of heritage and the dissemination of culture. To be underlined that the European Union and Tunisia agreed that cultural cooperation programmes already under way in the Community or in one or more of its Member States may be extended to Tunisia. See article 71 and 74.
- Association Agreement with Turkey
Signed on 6.03.95, in force since 31.12.95, there are no references to cultural cooperation.